The four men who led the March on Rome were designated field marshals of the Fascist revolution: Italo Balbo, Emilio De Bono, Cesare Maria De Vecchi, and Michele Bianchi, secretary general of the Partito Nazionale Fascista/National Fascist Party (PNF) until 1923. These four constituted the quadrumvirate. All were “Fascists of the first hour.” Of the four, Italo Balbo was the only one toward whom Benito Mussolini showed a certain wariness. The only institutional function performed by the quadrumvirate was membership by right in the Fascist Grand Council.
   See also Fascism; Victor Emmanuel III.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • quadrumvirate — [kwä drum′və rit, kwä drum′vərāt΄] n. [ QUADR + (TRI)UMVIRATE] 1. government by four persons 2. any group of four persons associated in office or authority …   English World dictionary

  • quadrumvirate — noun Etymology: quadri + umvirate (as in triumvirate) Date: 1752 a group or association of four …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • quadrumvirate — /kwo drum veuhr it, veuh rayt /, n. a governing or managing group, coalition, or the like, of four persons. [1745 55; QUADR + umvirate (as in TRIUMVIRATE)] * * * …   Universalium

  • quadrumvirate — noun A group of four men, especially four men joined in authority …   Wiktionary

  • quadrumvirate — n. governing body composed of four people …   English contemporary dictionary

  • quadrumvirate — qua·drum·vi·rate …   English syllables

  • quadrumvirate — quad•rum•vi•rate [[t]kwɒˈdrʌm vər ɪt, vəˌreɪt[/t]] n. a governing authority made up of four persons • Etymology: 1745–55; quadr + umvirate (as in triumvirate) …   From formal English to slang

  • quadrumvirate —    a unit of quantity equal to 4. The word was coined on the pattern of triumvirate …   Dictionary of units of measurement

  • quadrumvirate — noun a group of four men • Hypernyms: ↑quartet, ↑quartette, ↑foursome …   Useful english dictionary

  • quadrumvir — kwäˈdrəmvə(r) noun ( s) Etymology: back formation from quadrumvirate : a member of a quadrumvirate * * * /kwo drum veuhr/, n. a member of a quadrumvirate. [1780 90; back formation from QUADRUMVIRATE, by analogy with TRIUMVIR] * * * quadrumvir… …   Useful english dictionary

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